17 minute read Nov 20, 2013 Comments
Over on #vulnhub, there has been quite a chatter about Brainpan2, a “sequel” to Brainpan, by superkojiman. They’re even offering a 50 GBP award to whoever submits the best write-up! Since I enjoy challenges like this, I took a look at the machine. However, the writeup had to wait until the contest was complete, so that people didn’t cheat to win. The trolling, it begins early… I imported the VM into VMWare Fusion, and started finding the host.

OverTheWire Monxla Part 3

7 minute read Nov 26, 2012 Comments
Continuing from the last post, we are now logged in as a user. The next step on the PDF from the agent, that we can access, is the Notes Service. I started analyzing the source code, and noticed that the text that says “yes” or “no” in the table is actually an image being rendered from the hasnotes.php file. I started tinkering with that file, and found that it was vulnerable to SQL injection.

OverTheWire Monxla Part 2

3 minute read Nov 25, 2012 Comments
In the previous post, I showed how to get the PDF that outlines the services running on the Monxla VM image. This article will continue where that one left off. Firstly, the PDF explains that there are 2 virtual hosts enabled on the machine. To configure my machine for these virtual hosts, I added these lines to my /etc/hosts file: nasenko.otw honeylink.otw There are 2 sites immediately available to you:

OverTheWire Monxla Part 1

2 minute read Nov 24, 2012 Comments
I had a twitter follower recently inform me that OverTheWire had a new wargame up and running.  I was immediately excited and downloaded it.  Several days later, I actually was able to start tinkering with it. I booted up the image, and proceeded to do some preliminary nmap scans.  I found a few services runinng: mandreko$ nmap -sV -p1-65535 -T4 Starting Nmap 6.01 ( ) at 2012-11-15 10:28 EST Nmap scan report for 192.

OverTheWire Natas Level 15

3 minute read Nov 14, 2012 Comments
Up until now, none of the OverTheWire Natas challenges really gave me that much of an issue. This one however, took me a couple hours to complete. Level 15 is a fun blind sql-injection vulnerability. It starts out with a username check dialog, which pretty much only gives you a binary value as to if a username exists or not. I looked at the source code, and couldn’t see any way to inject some SQL to get it to retrieve the password for me.

OverTheWire Natas Level 14

2 minute read Nov 13, 2012 Comments
The next level of the OverTheWire Natas wargame is Level 14, which introduces SQL Injection, a very popular subject as of late. The level starts out with a login dialog. The source code is fairly straight forward. It’s doing a basic authentication query. It however, does have a handy “debug” flag, that if set, will print the query used to the screen. <html> <head><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href=""></head> <body> <h1>natas14</h1> <div id="content"> <?

OverTheWire Natas Level 13

3 minute read Nov 12, 2012 Comments
Level 13 of OverTheWire’s Natas wargame is extremely similar to Level 12. The only difference now, is that it’s validating that the file is in fact an image. This however is flawed, as exif data can be faked. It starts out with a similar upload prompt as last time. The source code is super similar to last time. <html> <head><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href=""></head> <body> <h1>natas13</h1> <div id="content"> For security reasons, we now only accept image files!

OverTheWire Natas Level 12

3 minute read Nov 11, 2012 Comments
The next level to attack in the OverTheWire Natas wargame, is Level 12, which is more “real-world” as well, since developers often forget to limit file extensions. It starts out giving you the option to upload a <1KB file to the server. As with any other challenge, I viewed the source, to analyze it. <html> <head><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href=""></head> <body> <h1>natas12</h1> <div id="content"> <? function genRandomString() { $length = 10; $characters = "0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"; $string = ""; for ($p = 0; $p < $length; $p++) { $string .

OverTheWire Natas Level 11

3 minute read Nov 10, 2012 Comments
Level 11 of the OverTheWire Natas wargames is a good one. It wasn’t one that could instantly be solved either. It involved programming, encryption, and HTTP. All fun! It started with a dialog to set the background color. When you click the “Set Color” button, it sets a cookie in your browser. But as the dialog says, the cookie is protected. I looked at the source code, as I always do.

OverTheWire Natas Level 10

1 minute read Nov 9, 2012 Comments
On to Level 10 of the OverTheWire Natas wargame! This level is extremely similar to level 9, except that now they are implementing a basic filtering, to prevent you from entering certain characters that could cause changes in the execution of the program. However, their filter is flawed. It starts out just like the last level, with a search dialog. Again, as always, I review the code since it’s available.
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